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Value creation and capture in decentralized finance markets: Non-fungible tokens as a class of digital assets Electronic Markets

These stakeholders have a range of strategic options for creating and capturing an NFT’s value. Of particular importance here are NFT communities as well as sending, reading, and quickly reacting upon signals in NFT markets. We further discover that an NFT’s value can be disassembled into an NFT-intrinsic part derived from the NFT’s underlying asset and an NFT-extrinsic commodity component driven by the market. Fiat payments are processed by Bridge and blockchain transactions may be processed by Bridge, Stably, ST, or LI.FI (“LI.FI”), a decentralized exchange and token bridge aggregator. Deposits and disbursements to/from a Stably Ramp account to third parties other than the account User are prohibited. While much of the traditional financial system is trust based and dependent on centralized institutions, DeFi replaces some of these trust requirements with smart contracts.

A smart contract is a type of Ethereum account that can hold funds and can send/refund them based on certain conditions. No one can alter that smart contract when it’s live – it will always run as programmed. To be able to do the above example in the traditional finance world, you’d need an enormous amount of money. These money-making strategies are only accessible to those with existing wealth.

Educating users about the benefits and potential risks of NFTs and DeFi is essential for driving adoption. NFT developers should collaborate with influencers, educators, and community leaders to create informative content and resources that help users make informed decisions. As NFTs and DeFi platforms gain popularity, the need for scalable and efficient solutions becomes increasingly critical. NFT developers must address network congestion and high transaction fees, ensuring that their platforms can handle a growing user base and transaction volume without compromising performance. When you use a centralized exchange you have to deposit your assets before the trade and trust them to look after them. While your assets are deposited, they’re at risk as centralized exchanges are attractive targets for hackers.

Bitcoin is open to anyone and no one has the authority to change its rules. Bitcoin’s rules, like its scarcity and its openness, are written into the technology. It’s not like traditional finance where governments can print money that devalues your savings and companies can shut down markets. To answer this, Cargo found a solution that competes with Rarible, a marketplace that based its business model on token generation through the creation and exchange of NFTs on its platform.

Collateralized backed stablecoins

Communities around tokens are essential for the token to sustain and remain relevant (Schwiderowski et al., 2023). Once a market for an NFT is created, trading-related strategic options can be exercised. This involves particularly the sending and receiving of relevant signals as well as the setting of prices. Risk mitigation-focused strategic options play a crucial role in each of these phases.

When the market resolves, the smart contract’s cryptoassets will be split among the sub-token owners of the winning outcome. In the absence of market distortions, each sub-token’s ETH price should, therefore, correspond to the probability of the underlying outcome. To understand the novelty of smart contracts, we first must look at regular server-based web applications.

For example, if an investor owns 1 percent of the fund tokens, this person would be entitled to 1 percent of the locked cryptoassets. Just like traditional investment funds, on-chain funds are mainly used for portfolio diversification. They allow users to invest in a basket of cryptoassets and employ a variety of strategies without having to handle the tokens individually. In contrast to traditional funds, the on-chain variant does not require a custodian. The investors never lose control over their funds, can withdraw or liquidate them, and can observe the smart contracts’ token balances at any point in time. With NFTs’ ability to reflect the commercialization of digital goods and services, the NFT decentralised finance combination becomes immediately practical.

This significantly decreases counterparty credit risk and makes financial transactions much more efficient. Lower trust requirements may come with the additional benefit of reducing regulatory pressure and reducing the need for third-party audits. Similar efficiency gains are possible for almost every area of the financial infrastructure.

  • We’ll look at some of it to make the later part of this post, which deals with collateralized backed NFTs, make sense.
  • Without a token pre-sale, it would seem that the project does not put forward the financial aspect but rather a real co-construction of Biffy between the developer and the community.
  • There’s a booming crypto economy out there, where you can lend, borrow, long/short, earn interest, and more.
  • The job of the ABS is to connect the customers who owe the finance company money with a company that wants to purchase the right to that income stream.
  • Tokenized assets do not have to be traditional securities (Sockin & Xiong, 2023); they can, for example, also take the form of tokenized digital or physical artworks (Schueffel, 2021).

Uniswap is a DeFi protocol for cryptocurrency exchange and automated liquidity provision. As non-fungible tokens don’t have an expiry date, you don’t have to repeatedly renew documents and go through a tedious process of collecting all the relevant papers and meeting with bank officers for verification. DeFi and NFT are also set to make changes in the insurance sector, covering both crypto-related assets and traditional insurance products.

Smart contracts can have security issues that may allow for unintended usage, and scalability issues limit the number of users. Many protocols and applications use external data sources and special admin keys to manage the system, conduct smart contract upgrades, or even perform emergency shutdowns. While this does not necessarily constitute a problem, users should be aware that, in many cases, there is much trust involved. However, if these issues can be solved, DeFi may lead to a paradigm shift in the financial industry and potentially contribute toward a more robust, open, and transparent financial infrastructure. Whenever someone invests in an on-chain fund, the corresponding smart contract issues fund tokens and transfers them to the investor’s account. These tokens represent partial ownership of the fund and allow token holders to redeem or liquidate their share of the assets.


Moreover, they heavily depend on price oracles and third-party protocols, mainly for lending, trading, and the inclusion of low-volatility reference assets such as the Dai or USDC stablecoins. Consequently, there are severe dependencies, which will be discussed in Section 3.2. The smart contracts are set up in such a way that they follow a variety of simple strategies, including semi-automatic rebalancing of portfolio weights and trend trading, using moving averages. Alternatively, one or multiple fund managers can be selected to manage the fund actively.

NFT-based Index Funds

Katie has been writing about tech-based topics for two years, with a specific interest in cybersecurity, AI, and cryptocurrency. Katie has covered a variety of topics during her time at MUO, including crypto explainers, cybersecurity guides, VPN reviews, recent hacks, and software tutorials. With a passion for emerging tech, Katie is also excited to see what new devices and digital platforms the coming years will bring. While these assets certainly have applications on certain DeFi platforms, they don’t sit at the center of the industry in the same way as Ethereum. For example, say you wanted to borrow a holding of a specific cryptocurrency from a DeFi platform. To do this, you’ll often need to deposit collateral, which is an amount of money in the form of a different asset that acts as your security.

Non-fungible tokens ( NFTs) and decentralized finance ( DeFi) have emerged as two of the most prominent trends in the blockchain and cryptocurrency space. As these technologies continue to evolve, there is a growing intersection between NFTs and DeFi, offering exciting opportunities for NFT developers and those looking to hire NFT developers. In this article, we will explore the role of NFTs in DeFi and how NFT developers are creating innovative solutions within this burgeoning sector. We’ll also discuss the benefits of hiring expert NFT developers like those at to help you stay ahead of the curve in this rapidly changing landscape. DeFi platforms use cryptocurrencies instead of traditional tender for lending, borrowing, staking, investing, and payments. Because most cryptocurrencies are decentralized, they suit the DeFi industry well.

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